Unless you have a circulatory problem or diabetes, there is no great complication or risk associated with getting a callus or a corn. But if you have got diabetes or some other condition that interferes with circulation, you can have great risk. Someone with diabetes has to take great care of their skin. If the skin is damaged there is a risk of ulcers and tissue death. Many people with circulatory problems, whether related to diabetes or not, have lost lower limbs due to a simple callus that may have started with an ill-fitting pair of shoes. Then that makes me wonder. I would think that a normal person would look at them and see it doesn't work. How could anyone even conceive that it would sell? I often wonder who designs these types of shoes? They must wear flip flops all day and have no clue what pain these shoes cause. It is hard enough for me to imagine designing them nevertheless selling them. The problem got so bad that I finally had to have surgery on both of my big toes. The doctor removed a large part of the nail on both sides narrowing the nail bed. I haven't had an ingrown nail since. To relieve the pressure and pain you can change your footwear to new soft shoes that are wider and give more room in the toe box area. In more severe cases like when the hammer toe becomes more rigid, surgery is required to correct the deformity. Your Podiatrist can advise on toe exercises that can be done at home, like stretching and strengthening the muscles. Hammer toes never get better without intervention. Orthoses also help to re-align and re-balance the feet. Over time, this condition can get gradually worse and can then go on to cause additional problems, including big toe arthritis and hammer toes. Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, is a condition that occurs when the arch in the foot collapses. The collapse of the arch causes the entire sole of the foot to come into complete contact, or almost in complete contact, with the floor. As a result, people with flat feet are unable to tread normally and are forced to alter their steps. Illness - Diseases that affect the nervous system or muscles (I.E. spian bifida, cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy) can cause flat feet because muscles become week and stiff, and can no longer function effectively together. Sometimes it is useful to make an analogy between orthotics and eyeglasses. Over the counter reading glasses and arch supports help people with mild conditions. However, these devices are usually a waste of time and money for severe conditions. Prescription eyewear and custom foot orthotics are both designed to adjust your specific personal bodily imperfections. My orthotic prescriptions are determined computerized and video gait analysis. If you are suffering from deformed toes, it’s important to get treatment as soon as possible. Walking on toes with dysfunctional tendons will just make matters worse, and delaying treatment could turn a simple case into one that requires surgical correction. Bunions are formed when the sideways (transverse) arch falls. Then it pushes the sides of the joints outwards where they rub against the inside of the shoes. This builds up a callous. When the lengthwise (longitudinal) arch falls, the change in the foot pulls up the base of the toes. This puts more pressur on the bottom of the base of the toes and the tops of the middle of the toes rubs on the inside of the shoes. This will cause increased pain and callous formation. Hammer toe usually affects the second toe. However, it may also affect the other toes. The toe moves into a claw-like position.